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        The fire spread Western printing civilization

        Date:Nov 20,2015

        In the medieval history of Europe, there is an invention to promote the dissemination of human word information and social civilization and progress has played a vital role. This is the German Western typography invented by John Gutenberg. In spite of the Chinese typography in hundreds of years ago have been invented in Europe, but he is the inventor of this technology. In addition, the formal name for his invention should be "lead type version printing machinery machine, compared with the early manual printing is indeed an independent invention.
        Western movable type printing is the starting point of the modern world printing, 15th century German Johann Gutenburg in promoting the development of the modern printing has made an outstanding contribution. Gutenberg 1400 years was born in the German Rhine and beauty because the river confluence at the industrial city of Mainz, his father in the city Mint work. Affected by the father's occupation, Gutenberg was used to study the goldsmith process. 1434 he left his hometown living in Strasbourg, and local Andre Deri zern, Hans Rife et al. Cooperation and processing of precious stones and mirror. He was effect of contemporary metal type test of other people, with their own money secret type test, in order to improve the deficiency of woodblock printing, but without success.
        1444 to 1448, Gutenberg to Holland, Switzerland and Italy, for technical investigation. 1448 return to the hometown of Mainz continue to test. He told the city businessman Fust loans, for the development of technology, technology and equipment for the development of the mortgage. The provisions of the contract period of 5 years in the interests of both sides equally, after the expiration of the principal and interest repayment of creditors. Test quickly achieved a technical breakthrough, 1450 type metal has been in practical stage, with a large word published 36 line Bible, words for manuscripts Gothic Bold. Published in 1454, issued by Pope Nicola V's "indulgences". Gutenberg technology his biggest achievement is 1455 with small print publication 42 line Bible hardcover, double-sided printing, a total of 1286, two of book binding.
        42 line Bible is recognized the biblical Latin translation of the print, the Bible is most famous incunabula, his marks the beginning of batch production of Western books. It is said that a total of 180 copies of the Bible were printed out, and the 40 was printed on the paper, and the other 140 were printed on paper. In 2003, the Gutenberg Bible, which is known to exist, consists of 11 copies of the New Testament on a piece of paper, a copy of the New Testament on a piece of paper, and 48 copies of a piece of paper.

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